* is the leading cause of death in the Western World.

* afflicts 1 in 4 Americans in forms ranging from high blood pressure to hardening of the arteries.

* treatment has been advanced by knowledge of blood groups and blood typing: development of surgical procedures such as catheterization and open heart surgery; production of medical devices such as pacemakers and heart valves; and use of antibiotics and anti-rejection drugs, both essential to heart surgery – all dependent on animal research.

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